Correlated Hybrid DNA Structures Explored by the oxDNA Model

YP Qiao and CL Ren, LANGMUIR, 40, 109-117 (2023).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.3c02231

Thermodynamically, perfect DNA hybridization can be formed between probes and their corresponding targets due to the favorable energy. However, this is not the case dynamically. Here, we use molecular dynamics (MD) simulations based on the oxDNA model to investigate the process of DNA microarray hybridization. In general, correlated hybrid DNA structures are formed, including one probe associated with several targets as well as one target hybrid with multiple probes leading to the target-mediated hybridization. The formation of these two types of correlated structures largely depends on the surface coverage of the DNA microarray. Moreover, DNA sequence, DNA length, and spacer length have an impact on the structural formation. Our findings shed light on the dynamics of DNA hybridization, which is important for the application of DNA microarray.

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