Finite-temperature screw dislocation core structures and dynamics in α-titanium

AW Liu and TQ Wen and J Han and DJ Srolovitz, NPJ COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS, 9, 228 (2023).

DOI: 10.1038/s41524-023-01181-7

A multiscale approach based on molecular dynamics (MD) and kinetic Monte Carlo (kMC) methods is developed to simulate the dynamics of an < a & rang; screw dislocation in alpha-Ti. The free energy barriers for the core dissociation transitions and Peierls barriers for dislocation glide as a function of temperature are extracted from the MD simulations (based on machine learning interatomic potentials and optimization); these form the input to kMC simulations. Dislocation random walk trajectories from kMC agree well with those predicted by MD. On some planes, dislocations move via a locking-unlocking mechanism. Surprisingly, some dislocations glide in directions that are not parallel with the core dissociation direction. The MD/kMC multiscale method proposed is applicable to dislocation motion in simple and complex materials (not only screw dislocations in Ti) as a function of temperature and stress state.

Return to Publications page