Development of NaCl-MgCl2-CaCl2 Ternary Salt for High-Temperature Thermal Energy Storage Using Machine Learning

WH Dong and HQ Tian and WG Zhang and JJ Zhou and XC Pang, ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 16, 530-539 (2023).

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.3c13412

NaCl-MgCl2-CaCl2 eutectic ternary chloride salts are potential heat transfer and storage materials for high-temperature thermal energy storage. In this study, first-principles molecular dynamics simulation results were used as a data set to develop an interatomic potential for ternary chloride salts using a neural network machine learning method. Deep potential molecular dynamics (DPMD) simulations were performed to predict the microstructure and thermophysical properties of the NaCl- MgCl2-CaCl2 ternary salt. This work reveals that DPMD simulations can accurately calculate the microstructure and thermophysical properties of ternary chloride salts. The association strength of chloride ions and cations follows the order of Mg2+ > Ca2+ > Na+, and the coordination number decreases gradually with increasing temperature, indicating a progressively looser and more disordered molten structure. Furthermore, thermophysical properties, such as density, specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity, and viscosity, are in good agreement with the experimental measurements. Machine learning molecular dynamics will provide a feasible multivariate molten salt exploration method for the design of next-generation solar power plants and thermal energy storage systems.

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