Correlating Young's Modulus with High Thermal Conductivity in Organic Conjugated Small Molecules

JH Zeng and T Liang and JJ Zhang and DQ Liu and S Li and XH Lu and M Han and YM Yao and JB Xu and R Sun and LJ Li, SMALL (2023).

DOI: 10.1002/smll.202309338

Attaining elevated thermal conductivity in organic materials stands as a coveted objective, particularly within electronic packaging, thermal interface materials, and organic matrix heat exchangers. These applications have reignited interest in researching thermally conductive organic materials. The understanding of thermal transport mechanisms in these organic materials is currently constrained. This study concentrates on N, N'-dioctyl-3,4,9,10-perylenedicarboximide (PTCDI-C-8), an organic conjugated crystal. A correlation between elevated thermal conductivity and augmented Young's modulus is substantiated through meticulous experimentation. Achievement via employing the physical vapor transport method, capitalizing on the robust C & boxH;C covalent linkages running through the organic matrix chain, bolstered by pi-pi stacking and noncovalent affiliations that intertwine the chains. The coexistence of these dynamic interactions, alongside the perpendicular alignment of PTCDI-C-8 molecules, is confirmed through structural analysis. PTCDI-C-8 thin film exhibits an out-of-plane thermal conductivity of 3.1 +/- 0.1 W m(-1) K-1, as determined by time-domain thermoreflectance. This outpaces conventional organic materials by an order of magnitude. Nanoindentation tests and molecular dynamics simulations elucidate how molecular orientation and intermolecular forces within PTCDI-C-8 molecules drive the film's high Young's modulus, contributing to its elevated thermal conductivity. This study's progress offers theoretical guidance for designing high thermal conductivity organic materials, expanding their applications and performance potential.

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