Plasma Treatment for Achieving Oxygen Substitution in Layered MoS2 and the Room-Temperature Mid-Infrared (10 μm) Photoresponse

JH Wu and SS Li and XM Wang and Y Huang and YF Huang and HJ Chen and J Chen and JC She and SZ Deng, ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 15, 58556-58565 (2023).

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.3c11962

Highly sensitive photodetectors in the mid-infrared (MIR, 3-15 mu m) are highly desired in a growing number of applications. However, only a handful of narrow-band-gap semiconductors are suitable for this purpose, most of which require cryogenic cooling to increase the signal-to-noise ratio. The realization of high-performance MIR photodetectors operating at room temperature remains a challenge. Herein, we report on plasma- treated few-layer MoS2 for room-temperature MIR (10 mu m) photodetection. Oxygen plasma treatment, which is a mature microfabrication process, is employed. The ion kinetic energy of oxygen plasma is adjusted to 70-130 eV. A photoresponsivity of 0.042 mA/W and a detectivity of 1.57 x 10(7) Jones are obtained under MIR light (10 mu m) illumination with an average power density of 114.6 mW/cm(2). The photoresponse is attributed to the introduction of electronic states in the band gap of MoS2 through oxygen substitution. A graphene/plasma- treated MoS2/graphene device is further demonstrated to shorten the active channel while maintaining the illumination area. The photoresponsivity and detectivity are largely boosted to 1.8 A/W and 2.64 x 10(9) Jones, respectively. The excellent detective performance of the graphene/plasma-treated MoS2/graphene device is further demonstrated in single-detector MIR (10 mu m) scanning imaging. This work offers a facile approach to constructing integrated MoS2-based MIR photodetectors.

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