Revealing the deformation mechanisms of ⟨110⟩ symmetric tilt grain boundaries in CoCrNi medium-entropy alloy

DP Hua and Q Zhou and YR Shi and S Li and K Hua and HF Wang and SZ Li and WM Liu, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLASTICITY, 171, 103832 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijplas.2023.103832

The synergy of multiple deformation mechanisms responsible for the excellent mechanical properties attracts an increasing interest in CoCrNi medium entropy alloy (MEA). In this study, we employed molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the chemical properties of grain boundaries (GBs) and their influence on deformation mechanisms in CrCoNi MEA, with particular emphasis on role of lattice distortion and short- range order (SRO) in dislocation plasticity. After aging, we found Ni element segregate at GB through short-range diffusion driven by a more negative segregation enthalpy. The degree of SRO within the GB region is significantly correlated with the Ni concentration, and it markedly influences the structure and local stress distribution of the GB. Compared to the lattice distortion, SRO can effectively suppress the GB dislocations nucleation and slip, thereby increasing yield strength of the material. During the plastic stage, although the deformation microstructure is intimately linked to the active slip systems and grain orientation, the presence of SRO, as well as the resultant rugged dislocation pathways and increased slip resistance lowers the propensity for stacking faults and phase transformation. The current findings can enhance a fundamental comprehension of diverse deformation mechanisms in CoCrNi MEA and suggest that the chemical characteristics of GB could serve as a pivotal approach for modifying the mechanical properties of MEAs.

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