A Unified Empirical Equation for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Porous NiTi Alloy: From Nanoporosity to Microporosity

BN Galimzyanov and GA Nikiforov and SG Anikeev and NV Artyukhova and AV Mokshin, CRYSTALS, 13, 1656 (2023).

DOI: 10.3390/cryst13121656

The mechanical characteristics of a monolithic (non-porous) crystalline or amorphous material are described by a well-defined set of quantities. It is possible to change the mechanical properties by introducing porosity into this material; as a rule, the strength values decrease with the introduction of porosity. Thus, porosity can be considered an additional degree of freedom that can be used to influence the hardness, strength and plasticity of the material. In the present work, using porous crystalline NiTi as an example, it is shown that the mechanical characteristics such as the Young's modulus, the yield strength, the ultimate tensile strength, etc., demonstrate a pronounced dependence on the average linear size l over bar of the pores. For the first time, an empirical equation is proposed that correctly reproduces the dependence of the mechanical characteristics on the porosity phi and on the average linear size l over bar of the pores in a wide range of sizes: from nano- sized pores to pores of a few hundred microns in size. This equation correctly takes into account the limit case corresponding to the monolithic material. The obtained results can be used directly to solve applied problems associated with the design of materials with the necessary combination of physical and mechanical characteristics, in particular, porous metallic biomaterials.

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