Reduction of Interlayer Interaction in Multilayer Stacking Graphene with Carbon Nanotube Insertion: Insights from Experiment and Simulation

MD Ding and T Inoue and JI Enriquez and HH Halim and Y Ogawa and Y Taniyasu and Y Hamamoto and Y Morikawa and Y Kobayashi, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 127, 23768-23777 (2023).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.3c06132

The creation of multilayer graphene (Gr), while preserving the brilliant properties of monolayer Gr derived from its unique band structure, can expand the application field of Gr to the macroscale. However, the energy-favorable AB stacking structure in the multilayer Gr induces a strong interlayer interaction and alters the band structure. Consequently, the intrinsic properties of each monolayer are degraded. In this work, we insert carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as nanospacers to modulate the microstructure of multilayer stacking Gr. Nanospacers can increase the interlayer distance and reduce the interlayer interaction. The Gr/CNT stacking structure is experimentally fabricated using a dry transfer method in a layer-by-layer manner. Raman spectroscopy verifies the reduction in the interlayer interaction within the stacking structure. Atomic force microscopy shows an increase in the interlayer distance, which can explain the weakening of the interlayer interactions. The microstructure of the stacked Gr and CNTs is studied by molecular dynamics simulation to systematically investigate the effect of CNT insertion. We found that the distribution distance, size, and arrangement of the CNT can modulate the interlayer distance. These results will help us to understand and improve the properties of the composite systems consisting of Gr and CNTs.

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