Ligament rotation-dominated creep in stochastic bicontinuous nanoporous metallic glass

YH Zhang and YQ Hu and JF Xu and SH Ding and WW Wu and R Xia, MATERIALS & DESIGN, 236, 112480 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2023.112480

Bicontinuous nanoporous metallic glasses (BNPMGs) are promising candidates in functional applications such as energy storage, sensors, and fuel cells. The time-dependent deformation strongly affects their long-term in-service performance. This study investigates the tensile creep behavior and its underlying deformation mechanisms of Cu50Zr50 BNPMGs through molecular dynamics simulations. The creep-recovery fatigue behavior is revealed. Our results manifest that both the transient and steady creep strengths increase with the solid fraction. The transient strength is larger for smaller ligament sizes, but the steady creep strength has very mild sensitivity to the ligament size. The generalized Kelvin model, consisting of two Kelvin units and one Maxwell unit connected in series, can accurately predict the creep and recovery curves. The rotation of individual ligaments, rather than atomic diffusion, is the dominant creep mechanism. During creep, the shear transformation zones are mainly developed on the ligament surface, and the strain in the ligament core is relatively smaller. The creep stress exponent has no definite relation with the creep mechanism and decreases with the increasing solid fraction. With the increase in the creep-recovery cycle number, the creep rate decreases, and the recovery procedure makes a milder impact on the creep response.

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