Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Amylose- and Cellulose-Based Selectors and Related Enantioseparations in Liquid Phase Chromatography

R Dallocchio and A Dessì and B Sechi and P Peluso, MOLECULES, 28, 7419 (2023).

DOI: 10.3390/molecules28217419

In the last few decades, theoretical and technical advancements in computer facilities and computational techniques have made molecular modeling a useful tool in liquid-phase enantioseparation science for exploring enantioselective recognition mechanisms underlying enantioseparations and for identifying selector-analyte noncovalent interactions that contribute to binding and recognition. Because of the dynamic nature of the chromatographic process, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are particularly versatile in the visualization of the three-dimensional structure of analytes and selectors and in the unravelling of mechanisms at molecular levels. In this context, MD was also used to explore enantioseparation processes promoted by amylose and cellulose-based selectors, the most popular chiral selectors for liquid- phase enantioselective chromatography. This review presents a systematic analysis of the literature published in this field, with the aim of providing the reader with a comprehensive picture about the state of the art and what is still missing for modeling cellulose benzoates and the phenylcarbamates of amylose and cellulose and related enantioseparations with MD. Furthermore, advancements and outlooks, as well as drawbacks and pitfalls still affecting the applicability of MD in this field, are also discussed. The importance of integrating theoretical and experimental approaches is highlighted as an essential strategy for profiling mechanisms and noncovalent interaction patterns.

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