Transferability of interatomic potentials for germanene (2D germanium)

M Mazdziarz, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 134, 184303 (2023).

DOI: 10.1063/5.0173745

The capacities of various interatomic potentials available for elemental germanium, with the scope to choose the potential suitable for the modeling of germanene (2D germanium) allotropes,f were investigated. Structural and mechanical properties of the flat, low-buckled, trigonal dumbbell, and large honeycomb dumbbell single-layer germanium (germanene) phases, were obtained using the density functional theory and molecular statics computations with Tersoff, modified embedded atom method, Stillinger-Weber, environment-dependent interatomic potential, ReaxFF, and machine-learning-based interatomic potentials. A systematic quantitative comparative study and discussion of the findings are given.

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