Thermal transport across TiO2-H2O interface involving water dissociation: Ab initio-assisted deep potential molecular dynamics

ZQ Li and J Wang and C Yang and LH Liu and JY Yang, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 159, 144701 (2023).

DOI: 10.1063/5.0167238

Water dissociation on TiO2 surfaces has been known for decades and holds great potential in various applications, many of which require a proper understanding of thermal transport across the TiO2-H2O interface. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations play an important role in characterizing complex systems' interfacial thermal transport properties. Nevertheless, due to the imprecision of empirical force field potentials, the interfacial thermal transport mechanism involving water dissociation remains to be determined. To cope with this, a deep potential (DP) model is formulated through the utilization of ab initio datasets. This model successfully simulates interfacial thermal transport accompanied by water dissociation on the TiO2 surfaces. The trained DP achieves a total energy accuracy of similar to 238.8 meV and a force accuracy of similar to 197.05 meV/& Aring;. The DPMD simulations show that water dissociation induces the formation of hydrogen bonding networks and molecular bridges. Structural modifications further affect interfacial thermal transport. The interfacial thermal conductance estimated by DP is similar to 8.54 x 109 W/m2 K, smaller than similar to 13.17 x 109 W/m2 K by empirical potentials. The vibrational density of states (VDOS) quantifies the differences between the DP model and empirical potentials. Notably, the VDOS disparity between the adsorbed hydrogen atoms and normal hydrogen atoms demonstrates the influence of water dissociation on heat transfer processes. This work aims to understand the effect of water dissociation on thermal transport at the TiO2-H2O interface. The findings will provide valuable guidance for the thermal management of photocatalytic devices.

Return to Publications page