Investigation of chemical short range order strengthening in a model Fe-12Ni-18Cr (at. %) stainless steel alloy: A modeling and experimental study

KV Chu and E Antillon and C Stewart and K Knipling and P Callahan and SN Wu and D Rowenhorst and DL Mcdowell, ACTA MATERIALIA, 261, 119385 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2023.119385

Solid solution strengthening remains the basis for many industrial alloys, yet chemical short-range order (CSRO) can also play a significant role in the strengthening of alloys with appreciable alloying additions, such as in Austenitic stainless steels. In this work, we study the evolution of CSRO under various annealing temperatures and its role on the mechanical strength of a ternary Fe-12Ni-18Cr (at.%) alloy using molecular dynamics (MD) and Monte Carlo atomistic simulations and experimental measurements from mechanical microindentation and atom-probe tomography (APT). A general model that incorporates the role of CSRO into a solute-solution strengthening model is proposed, based on a family of analytical models due to Varvenne et al. (2016) which takes into account dislocation-solute misfit interaction, and a more recent extension due to Nag and Curtin (2020) which incorporates the role of solute-solute interactions during dislocation slip. Predictions of the modified model are validated against MD shearing simulations using two commonly used embedded atom model (EAM) interatomic potentials for Austenitic stainless steel alloys, and mechanical microindentation experiments on cast alloys of the same composition. Our results suggest that, while significant CSRO is predicted in the simulations, there is little experimental evidence in cast and annealed alloys analyzed by APT.

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