Energetic contributions to deformation twinning in magnesium

E Kapan and S Alkan and CC Aydiner and JK Mason, MODELLING AND SIMULATION IN MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 31, 075002 (2023).

DOI: 10.1088/1361-651X/acec8c

Modeling deformation twin nucleation in magnesium has proven to be a challenging task. In particular, the absence of a heterogeneous twin nucleation model which provides accurate energetic descriptions for twin-related structures indicates a need to more deeply understand twin energetics. To address this problem, molecular dynamics simulations are performed to follow the energetic evolution of 101 ($) over bar2 tension twin embryos nucleating from an asymmetrically-tilted grain boundary. The line, surface and volumetric terms associated with twin nucleation are identified. A micromechanical model is proposed where the stress field around the twin nucleus is estimated using the Eshelby formalism, and the contributions of the various twin-related structures to the total energy of the twin are evaluated. The reduction in the grain boundary energy arising from the change in character of the prior grain boundary is found to be able to offset the energy costs of creating the other interfaces. The defect structures bounding the stacking faults that form inside the twin are also found to possibly have significant energetic contributions. These results suggest that both of these effects could be critical considerations when predicting twin nucleation sites in magnesium.

Return to Publications page