Mapping microstructure to shock-induced temperature fields using deep learning

CY Li and JC Verduzco and BH Lee and RJ Appleton and A Strachan, NPJ COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS, 9, 178 (2023).

DOI: 10.1038/s41524-023-01134-0

The response of materials to shock loading is important to planetary science, aerospace engineering, and energetic materials. Thermally activated processes, including chemical reactions and phase transitions, are significantly accelerated by energy localization into hotspots. These result from the interaction of the shockwave with the materials' microstructure and are governed by complex, coupled processes, including the collapse of porosity, interfacial friction, and localized plastic deformation. These mechanisms are not fully understood and the lack of models limits our ability to predict shock to detonation transition from chemistry and microstructure alone. We demonstrate that deep learning can be used to predict the resulting shock-induced temperature fields in composite materials obtained from large-scale molecular dynamics simulations with the initial microstructure as the only input. The accuracy of the Microstructure-Informed Shock-induced Temperature net (MISTnet) model is higher than the current state of the art and its evaluation requires a fraction of the computation cost.

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