Puckered Zigzag Monolayer Ice: Does a Confined Flat Four-Coordinated Monolayer Ice Always Have a Corresponding Puckered Phase?

LY Wei and Q Bai and XJ Li and ZY Liu and CRY Li and YH Cui and L Shen and CQ Zhu and WH Fang, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 14, 8890-8895 (2023).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.3c02065

We note that a flat, four-coordinated monolayer ice under confinement always has a corresponding puckered phase. Recently, a monolayer ice consisting of an array of zigzag water chains (ZZMI) predicted by first- principles calculations of water under confinement is a flat four- coordinated monolayer ice. Herein, to investigate whether puckered ZZMI exists stably, we perform molecular dynamics simulations of two- dimensional (2D) ice formation for water constrained in graphene nanocapillaries. We find a novel monolayer ice structure that can be viewed as the ZZMI puckered along the direction perpendicular to the zigzag chain (pZZMI). Unlike ZZMI that does not satisfy the ice rule, each water molecule in pZZMI can form four hydrogen bonds (HBs) via forming two stable intersublayer HBs and two intrasublayer HBs. This work provides a fresh perspective on 2D confined ice, highlighting the intrinsic connections between 2D confined ices.

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