Machine-Learning Accelerated First-Principles Accurate Modeling of the Solid-Liquid Phase Transition in MgO under Mantle Conditions

P Wisesa and CM Andolina and WA Saidi, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 14, 8741-8748 (2023).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.3c02424

While accurate measurements of MgO under extreme high-pressure conditions are needed to understand and model planetary behavior, these studies are challenging from both experimental and computational modeling perspectives. Herein, we accelerate density functional theory (DFT) accurate calculations using deep neural network potentials (DNPs) trained over multiple phases and study the melting behavior of MgO via the two-phase coexistence (TPC) approach at 0-300 GPa and <= 9600 K. The resulting DNP-TPC melting curve is in excellent agreement with existing experimental studies. We show that the mitigation of finite-size effects that typically skew the predicted melting temperatures in DFT-TPC simulations in excess of several hundred kelvin requires models with similar to 16 000 atoms and >100 ps molecular dynamics trajectories. In addition, the DNP can successfully describe MgO metallization well at increased pressures that are captured by DFT but missed by classical interatomic potentials.

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