Crystal plasticity model of BCC metals from large-scale MD simulations

N Bertin and R Carson and VV Bulatov and J Lind and M Nelms, ACTA MATERIALIA, 260, 119336 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2023.119336

Accurate crystal plasticity models that faithfully capture the behavior of single crystals under a wide range of loading conditions, such as loading direction, strain rate, and temperature, are still lacking. Here we introduce a novel approach in which a crystal plasticity (CP) model is informed directly from and calibrated to large-scale quantum-accurate MD simulations in which single crystal BCC Ta serves as a testbed material. By analyzing our large set of MD simulations several key insights are obtained leading us to modify constitutive assumptions in order to address deficiencies of existing CP models. Importantly, we observe that the standard notion of fixed slip systems - pairs of slip directions and slip planes - is inadequate for describing high-rate plasticity in BCC tantalum at room temperature. Instead, pencil glide defined as dislocation motion in the maximum resolved shear stress planes (MRSSP) of each Burgers vector is fully consistent with our MD simulation data while providing significant simplifications of the constitutive relations. Our resulting new CP model closely matches the behavior of single crystals observed in high-rate MD simulations while being fully consistent with lower rate experimental results.

Return to Publications page