Molecular dynamics simulations of ultrasonic vibration-assisted grinding of polycrystalline iron: Nanoscale plastic deformation mechanism and microstructural evolution

WW Huang and JY Tang and WH Zhou and J Wen and M Yi, APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, 640, 158440 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2023.158440

Ultrasonic vibration-assisted grinding (UVAG) has attracted plenty of attention to significantly improve surface integrity. However, existing research has not systematically investigated the effect of vibration directions during UVAG at atomic and nanoscales, limiting our understanding of the plastic deformation mechanisms and microstructural evolution of ultra-precision machining. To address this issue, we proposed an MD model for multi-abrasive UVAG of polycrystalline iron considering various vibration directions. We comprehensively analyzed atomic flow fields, surface atom distributions, temperature fields, grinding forces, stress distributions, crystal orientations, and dislocation distributions. The simulation results demonstrate that UVAG effectively reduces grinding force and results in instantaneous grinding forces greater than conventional grinding (CG), and the instantaneous load impact phenomenon of radial vibration is more obvious. In surface morphology, axial vibration contributes to reducing surface roughness, while radial vibration is detrimental to surface smoothness. Microstructural evolution is mainly induced by stress. The primary plastic deformation mechanisms in UVAG of polycrystalline iron involve lattice rotation and dislocation mediation. Compared to axial vibration- assisted grinding (AVAG), radial vibration-assisted grinding (RVAG) and elliptical vibration-assisted grinding (EVAG) exhibit finer grain refinement, with RVAG leading to the highest dislocation density.

Return to Publications page