Probing the Effect of Cuttings Particle Size on the Friction and Wear Mechanism at the Casing Friction Interface: A Molecular Dynamics Study

XH Zhu and XW Wang and YH Liu and YY Luo and H Zhang, LANGMUIR, 39, 13386-13398 (2023).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.3c02088

Cuttings particles of different sizes in the drilling fluid are the leading cause of wear at the casing and drill pipe joints, and diamond- like carbon (DLC) films have excellent research potential in reducing tool wear due to their ultra-low friction coefficient and high wear resistance. In this paper, a corresponding molecular dynamics model was developed using LAMMPS to investigate the effect of silica particles of different particle sizes on the friction and wear mechanisms of Fe/DLC friction pairs at the microscale. The results show that small cuttings particles in a dry environment are more likely to cause interface wear between the casing and drill pipe joint, while in a water environment, the opposite is true. The main reason is that small particles in a dry environment have smaller contact areas and greater indentation depth, leading to greater wear at the friction interface. The movement of water molecules in the water environment will promote the composite movement of large particles, thereby exacerbating the wear of the interface. Moreover, the relevant research results at the micro-scale indicate that DLC films can effectively reduce wear, which provides theoretical support for its application in drill pipe joints.

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