Order-Disorder Phase Transition and Ionic Conductivity in a Li2B12H12 Solid Electrolyte

AP Maltsev and IV Chepkasov and AR Oganov, ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 15, 42511-42519 (2023).

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.3c07242

Temperature-induced phase transitions and ionic conductivities of Li2B12H12 and LiCB11H12 were simulated with the use of machine learning interatomic potentials based on van der Waals-corrected density functional theory (rev-vdW-DF2 functional). The simulated temperature of order-disorder phase transition, lattice parameters, diffusion, ionic conductivity, and activation energies are in good agreement with experimental data. Our simulations of Li2B12H12 uncover the importance of the reorientational motion of the B12H12(2-) anion. In the ordered alpha-phase (T < 625 K), these anions have well-defined orientations, while in the disordered ss-phase (T > 625 K), their orientations are random. In vacancy-rich systems, its complete rotation was observed, while in the ideal crystal, the anions display limited vabrational motion, indicating the static nature of the phase transition without dynamic disordering. The use of machine learning interatomic potentials has allowed us to study large systems (>2000 atoms) in long (nanosecond- scale) molecular dynamics runs with ab initio quality.

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