Melting and solidification analysis of paraffin phase change material in a circular space, molecular dynamics simulation

KR Mousavian and A Jahangiri and M Ameri and G Ahmadi, ENGINEERING ANALYSIS WITH BOUNDARY ELEMENTS, 156, 455-466 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.enganabound.2023.08.033

The increasing use of renewable energy sources has led to more studies in the field of eliminating the weaknesses of these sources. The use of energy storage systems is one of these things that increase the sustainability of renewable resources and reduce the share of fossil fuel resources in daily energy consumption. One of the most important things in heat storage systems is the use of suitable phase change materials (PCM). In this research, the behavior of paraffin, as a well- known PCM, is investigated on a molecular scale. For this purpose, an annular space has been selected as a nanochannel and the behavior of this material inside it has been investigated in different states. First, the thermal performance of this PCM is investigated. Then, the effect of its temperature on index parameters such as viscosity, heat flux, thermal conductivity, charge time, discharge time, and phase change time are evaluated. The research results show that increasing initial temperature (from 300 K to 350 K) improves the performance of PCM (the duration of charging and discharging are increased from 1.78 and 2.15 ns to 1.41 and 2.24 ns, respectively.). In addition, increasing the speed of the material also reduces the charging and discharging time to 1.65 and 2.09 ns, respectively. Increasing the diameter ratios also changes the indicator times to 2.18 and 2.03 ns, respectively.

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