Mechanical characteristics and deformation behavior of Al polycrystal reinforced with SiC particles

XT Vu and VH Nguyen and TV Tran and QM Nguyen and DQ Doan, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS, 183, 111617 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpcs.2023.111617

Molecular dynamics models are established to investigate the influence of silicon carbide (SiC) particle size and strain rate on the mechanical characteristics and deformation behavior of aluminum (Al)/SiC composite. The results show that the ultimate strength of the Al/SiC composite increases from 0.788 to 0.910 GPa as the SiC reinforcement particle size increases from 10 to 30 & ANGS;, due to load transfer effects and barriers to dislocation motion. Plastic deformation of Al/SiC composite decreases with increasing SiC particle size, manifested by a lower proportion of atoms subjected to high shear strain for larger SiC particles. The SiC particle size also influences the change in crystal structure during deformation, as shown by the larger particles better supporting the Al matrix in minimizing the dislocation movement. The study shows that the grain boundary and Al/SiC interface play a significant role in the mechanical properties of the composite by impeding the evolution of dislocation and stacking fault. Moreover, the higher strain rates lead to increased ultimate strength and flow stress due to a greater rate of deformation and energy storage. The distribution of shear strain in the composite shows concentrated deformation at the grain boundary, and the large shear-strain region decreases as the strain rate increases. Additionally, higher strain rate leads to more formation of hexagonal-close-packed and amorphous structures, increased dislocation density, and material failure.

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