Molecular simulations of transport properties of polar hydrofluoroethers: Force field development, fractional Stokes-Einstein and free volume relations

A Aminian and V Vins, JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS, 389, 122847 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2023.122847

Hydrofluoroethers (HFEs) having simultaneously hydrocarbon (HC) and fluorocarbon (FC) moieties connected through ether oxygen are polar chain molecules with dielectric properties, which makes them a good heat transfer medium, e.g., for cooling of electronics or magnetic devices. In this work, we report, validate, and test high level-ab initio derived force fields and we use partial charges fitted to the electrostatic potential surface (EPS) to reproduce the dipole moments. Computer simulations were performed over a wide range of temperatures and densities to calculate the transport coefficients in the condensed-phase and comparisons were made against available experimental data for five selected molecules; namely HFE-7000, HFE-7100, HFE-7200, HFE-7300, and HFE-7500. Furthermore, structural properties and enthalpy of vaporization were obtained from molecular simulations. Cohen and Turnbull formula for the translational self-diffusion coefficient was tested in the free-volume cast, which itself was correlated against the isothermal compressibility, which can explain the phenomenon of transport properties in liquids, D proportional to exp( -gamma/(Vf/V*) ). The fractional Stokes-Einstein relation was also tested to scale the self-diffusion coefficient vs viscosity in the form of (DT -1) proportional to (1/eta)s, with s ranging be-tween approximate to 0.89 and 0.92 for the five molecules in the reduced density range of rho sigma 3 = 0.56 to 0.75. Finally, the non -equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulations of thermal conductivity was found to outperform the equilibrium Green-Kubo approach, but both with comparable accuracy.

Return to Publications page