Molecular dynamics study on the thermal conductivity and ballistic resistance of twisted graphene

WF Sun and SJ Xue and J Jiang, COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, 229, 112436 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2023.112436

The twist as a new degree of freedom induces several angle dependent properties in twisted graphene, such as electronic and optical properties. However, the ballistic resistance and thermal conductivity of twisted graphene remain not well understood and experimentally challenging. Therefore, the effect of interlayer twist angle on the thermal conductivity and ballistic resistance of bilayer graphene (BLG) has been explored using molecular dynamics simulation herein. Results show that the thermal conductivity of graphene is very sensitive to the twist angle of the interlayer plane. As the twist angle increases from 0 & DEG; to 60 & DEG;, the in-plane thermal conductivity of twisted bilayer graphene (t-BLG) first decreases and then increases with a periodic interval of 30 & DEG;, exhibiting an asymmetric double V-shaped curve. And the cross-plane thermal conductivity of t-BLG gradually first decreases from 0 & DEG; to 30 & DEG; and then increases from 30 & DEG; to 60 & DEG;, also showing an asymmetric V-shaped curve. In contrast, the interlayer twist angle has a limited influence on the ballistic resistance of t-BLG. With the change of the twist angle, the ballistic limit velocity does not change much, and the fluctuation range is less than 1.56%; the relative kinetic energy also changes little with the fluctuation less than 4%. Such a slight difference is insufficient to make a significant change in its ballistic resistance and its impact resistance is mainly affected by the number of membrane layers. Each additional layer increases its ballistic limit speed by about 8%. This study will provide some theoretical guidance for the study of heat dissipation in the anti-ballistic process of twisted graphene and the design of advanced protective materials.

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