Universal radiation tolerant semiconductor

A Azarov and JG Fernández and JL Zhao and F Djurabekova and H He and R He and O Prytz and L Vines and U Bektas and P Chekhonin and N Klingner and G Hlawacek and A Kuznetsov, NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 14 (2023).

DOI: 10.1038/s41467-023-40588-0

Radiation tolerance is determined as the ability of crystalline materials to withstand the accumulation of the radiation induced disorder. Nevertheless, for sufficiently high fluences, in all by far known semiconductors it ends up with either very high disorder levels or amorphization. Here we show that gamma/beta (& gamma;/& beta;) double polymorph Ga2O3 structures exhibit remarkably high radiation tolerance. Specifically, for room temperature experiments, they tolerate a disorder equivalent to hundreds of displacements per atom, without severe degradations of crystallinity; in comparison with, e.g., Si amorphizable already with the lattice atoms displaced just once. We explain this behavior by an interesting combination of the Ga- and O- sublattice properties in & gamma;-Ga2O3. In particular, O-sublattice exhibits a strong recrystallization trend to recover the face-centered-cubic stacking despite the stronger displacement of O atoms compared to Ga during the active periods of cascades. Notably, we also explained the origin of the & beta;-to-& gamma; Ga2O3 transformation, as a function of the increased disorder in & beta;-Ga2O3 and studied the phenomena as a function of the chemical nature of the implanted atoms. As a result, we conclude that & gamma;/& beta; double polymorph Ga2O3 structures, in terms of their radiation tolerance properties, benchmark a class of universal radiation tolerant semiconductors. Here authors show that gamma/beta double polymorph Ga2O3 structures exhibit unprecedently high radiation tolerance accommodating disorder equivalent to hundreds of displacements per atom. Thus, such Ga2O3 structures benchmark a new class of radiation tolerant semiconductors.

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