Equation of state for active matter

S Cameron and M Mosayebi and R Bennett and TB Liverpool, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 108, 014608 (2023).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.108.014608

We characterize the steady states of a suspension of two-dimensional active Brownian particles (ABPs). By approximating the first-order correction to the steady-state probability distribution to lowest order in Peclet number, we show that macroscopic quantities can be calculated in analogous way to equilibrium systems using this probability distribution. We then derive expressions for the macroscopic pressure and position-orientation correlation functions. We check our results by direct comparison with extensive numerical simulations. A key finding is the importance of many-body effective interactions even at very low densities.

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