Application of molecular dynamics simulation in the field of food enzymes: improving the thermal-stability and catalytic ability

ZL Huang and DW Ni and ZW Chen and YY Zhu and WL Zhang and WM Mu, CRITICAL REVIEWS IN FOOD SCIENCE AND NUTRITION (2023).

DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2023.2238054

Enzymes can produce high-quality food with low pollution, high function, high acceptability, and medical aid. However, most enzymes, in their native form, do not meet the industrial requirements. Sequence-based and structure-based methods are the two main strategies used for enzyme modification. Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation is a sufficiently comprehensive technology, from a molecular perspective, which has been widely used for structure information analysis and enzyme modification. In this review, we summarize the progress and development of MD simulation, particularly for software, force fields, and a standard procedure. Subsequently, we review the application of MD simulation in various food enzymes for thermostability and catalytic improvement was reviewed in depth. Finally, the limitations and prospects of MD simulation in food enzyme modification research are discussed. This review highlights the significance of MD simulation and its prospects in food enzyme modification.

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