Study of ageing and size effects in Nickel-Titanium shape memory alloy using molecular dynamics simulations

JY Chen and HK Yeddu, PHASE TRANSITIONS, 96, 596-606 (2023).

DOI: 10.1080/01411594.2023.2235061

The effect of ageing process at 1073.15 K on the athermal phase transformation in different nanograins (4.5, 6 and 9 nm) of Nickel- Titanium shape memory alloy is studied using molecular dynamics simulations. The martensitic transformation start temperature and transformed martensite volume decrease with decreasing grain size. The two-stage phase transformation with intermediate phase formation is observed only in the smallest grain (4.5 nm) where a single martensite variant is formed. On the contrary, larger grains show a self- accommodated twinned martensite variants with one-stage transformation from austenite to martensite. The ageing process hardly influences the morphology of the martensite phase, however, it rises the martensite start temperature and reduces the austenite start temperature. The nano grain size models demonstrate the constrained transformation due to the transformation barrier and the accumulation of internal stress, while the ageing process shows the tendency for stress relaxation.

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