Mode-coupling theory for mixtures of athermal self-propelled particles

VE Debets and LMC Janssen, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 159, 014502 (2023).

DOI: 10.1063/5.0155142

Dense or glassy active matter, as a result of its remarkable resemblance to passive glass-forming materials, is enjoying increasing scientific interest. To better grasp the subtle effect of active motion on the process of vitrification, a number of active mode-coupling theories (MCTs) have recently been developed. These have proven capable of qualitatively predicting important parts of the active glassy phenomenology. However, most efforts so far have only considered single- component materials, and their derivations are arguably more complex than the standard MCT case, which might hinder broader usage. Here we present a detailed derivation of a distinct active MCT for mixtures of athermal self-propelled particles that is more transparent than previously introduced versions. The key insight is that we can follow a similar strategy for our overdamped active system as is typically used for passive underdamped MCT. Interestingly, when only considering one particle species, our theory gives the exact same result as the one obtained in previous work, which employed a highly different mode- coupling strategy. Moreover, we assess the quality of the theory and its novel extension to multi-component materials by using it to predict the dynamics of a Kob-Andersen mixture of athermal active Brownian quasi- hard spheres. We demonstrate that our theory is able to capture all qualitative features, most notably the location of the optimum of the dynamics when the persistence length and cage length coincide, for each combination of particle types.

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