Modeling the Interaction and Uptake of Cd-As(V) Mixture to Wheat Roots Affected by Humic Acids, in Terms of root cell Membrane Surface Potential (ψ0)

B Xu and YY Zhou and MY Huang and PX Cui and TL Wu and DM Zhou and C Liu and YJ Wang, BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY, 111, 10 (2023).

DOI: 10.1007/s00128-023-03765-x

The joint toxicological effects of Cd2+ and As(V) mixture on wheat root as affected by environmental factors, such as pH, coexisting cations, and humic acids etc., were investigated using hydroponic experiments. The interaction and toxicological mechanisms of co-existing Cd2+ and As(V) at the interface of solution and roots in presence of humic acid were further explored by incorporating root cell membrane surface potential & psi;(0) into a mechanistic model of combined biotic ligand model (BLM)-based Gouy-Chapman-Stern (GCS) model and NICA-DONNAN model. Besides, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of lipid bilayer equilibrated with solution containing Cd2+ and H2AsO4- further revealed the molecular distribution of heavy metal(loid) ions under different membrane surface potentials. H2AsO4- and Cd2+ can be adsorbed on the surface of the membrane alone or as complexes, which consolidate the limitation of the macroscopic physical models.

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