Enhancing the Mechanical Stability of 2D Fullerene with a Graphene Substrate and Encapsulation

TT Yu and JY Li and MJ Han and YH Zhang and HP Li and Q Peng and HK Tang, NANOMATERIALS, 13, 1936 (2023).

DOI: 10.3390/nano13131936

Recent advancements have led to the synthesis of novel monolayer 2D carbon structures, namely quasi-hexagonal-phase fullerene (qHPC(60)) and quasi-tetragonal-phase fullerene (qTPC(60)). Particularly, qHPC(60) exhibits a promising medium band gap of approximately 1.6 eV, making it an attractive candidate for semiconductor devices. In this study, we conducted comprehensive molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the mechanical stability of 2D fullerene when placed on a graphene substrate and encapsulated within it. Graphene, renowned for its exceptional tensile strength, was chosen as the substrate and encapsulation material. We compared the mechanical behaviors of qHPC(60) and qTPC(60), examined the influence of cracks on their mechanical properties, and analyzed the internal stress experienced during and after fracture. Our findings reveal that the mechanical reliability of 2D fullerene can be significantly improved by encapsulating it with graphene, particularly strengthening the cracked regions. The estimated elastic modulus increased from 191.6 (qHPC(60)) and 134.7 GPa (qTPC(60)) to 531.4 and 504.1 GPa, respectively. Moreover, we observed that defects on the C60 layer had a negligible impact on the deterioration of the mechanical properties. This research provides valuable insights into enhancing the mechanical properties of 2D fullerene through graphene substrates or encapsulation, thereby holding promising implications for future applications.

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