**Segregation of fluids with polymer additives at domain interfaces: a
dissipative particle dynamics study**

D Gogoi and A Chauhan and S Puri and A Singh, SOFT MATTER, 19, 6433-6445 (2023).

DOI: 10.1039/d3sm00504f

This paper investigates the phase separation kinetics of ternary fluid mixtures composed of a polymeric component (C) and two simple fluids (A and B) using dissipative particle dynamics simulations with a system dimensionality of d = 3. We model the affinities between the components to enable the settling of the polymeric component at the interface of fluids A and B. Thus, the system evolves to form polymer coated morphologies, enabling alteration of the fluids' interfacial properties. This manipulation can be utilized across various disciplines, such as the stabilization of emulsions and foams, rheological control, biomimetic design, and surface modification. We probe the effects of various parameters, such as the polymeric concentration, chain stiffness, and length, on the phase separation kinetics of the system. The simulation results show that changes in the concentration of flexible polymers exhibit perfect dynamic scaling for coated morphologies. The growth rate decreases as the polymeric composition is increased due to reduced surface tension and restricted connectivity between A- and B-rich clusters. Variations in the polymer chain rigidity at fixed composition ratios and degrees of polymerization slow the evolution kinetics of AB fluids marginally, although the effect is more pronounced for perfectly rigid chains. Whereas flexible polymer chain lengths at fixed composition ratios slow down the segregation kinetics of AB fluids slightly, varying the chain lengths of perfectly rigid polymers leads to a significant deviation in the length scale and dynamic scaling for the evolved coated morphologies. The characteristic length scale follows a power-law growth with a growth exponent & phi; that shows a crossover from the viscous to the inertial hydrodynamic regime, where the values of & phi; depend on the constraints imposed on the system.

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