Machine learning of twin/matrix interfaces from local stress field

JF Troncoso and Y Hu and NM della Ventura and A Sharma and X Maeder and V Turlo, COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, 228, 112322 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2023.112322

Twinning is an important deformation mode in plastically deformed hexagonal close-packed materials. The extremely high twin growth rates at the nanoscale make atomistic simulations an attractive method for investigating the role of individual twin/matrix interfaces such as twin boundaries and basal-prismatic interfaces in twin growth kinetics. Unfortunately, there is no single framework that allows researchers to differentiate such interfaces automatically, neither in experimental in- situ transmission electron microscopy analysis images nor in atomistic simulations. Moreover, the presence of alloying elements introduces substantial noise to local atomic environments, making it nearly impossible to identify which atoms belong to which interface. Here, with the help of advanced machine learning methods, we provide a proof-of- concept way of using the local stress field distribution as an indicator for the presence of interfaces and for determining their types. We apply such an analysis to the growth of twin embryos in Mg-10 at.% Al alloys under constant stress and constant strain conditions, corresponding to two extremes of high and low strain rates, respectively. We discover that the kinetics of such growth is driven by high-energy basal- prismatic interfaces, in line with our experimental observations for pure Mg.

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