Atomistic determination of Peierls barriers of dislocation glide in nickel

YP Si and Y Zhang and DK Chen and JL Wormald and BS Anglin and DL McDowell and T Zhu, JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICS AND PHYSICS OF SOLIDS, 178, 105359 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2023.105359

The Peierls barrier measures the lattice resistance to dislocation glide in crystalline solids. We use the nudged elastic band (NEB) method to calculate the Peierls barriers for screw and edge dislocation glide in a face-centered cubic (FCC) metal of Ni. The minimum energy paths (MEPs) across single or sequential Peierls barriers are determined under shear loading. The NEB results show the decreasing Peierls barrier with increasing shear stress, giving the Peierls stress at which the Peierls barrier vanishes. The effects of boundary condition and system size on Peierls barriers are studied by comparing strain-and stress-controlled NEB results. Furthermore, the free-end NEB methods are applied to determine MEPs with improved computational efficiency. The NEB results are also used to evaluate the energetic driving force of dislocation glide, which is consistent with that determined from the Peach-Koehler force. The accuracy of the present NEB results based on an empirical interatomic potential is assessed by comparison with a machine-learning potential. This work demonstrates the robust and efficient quantification of Peierls barriers to dislocation glide in an FCC metal, and it lays a solid foundation for the atomistic determination of Peierls barriers in compositionally complex alloys with the FCC structure in future studies.

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