Equilibrium versus non-equilibrium stacking fault widths in NiCoCr

C Baruffi and M Ghazisaeidi and D Rodney and WA Curtin, SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 235, 115536 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2023.115536

First principles calculations in the NiCoCr medium-entropy alloy predict a negative stacking fault energy (SFE) at T=0 K, implying an infinite Shockley partial dissociation distance. Many experiments at room temperature (RT) show however a finite dissociation. This discrepancy has been suggested due to solute strengthening that prevents the partial separation. Here, atomistic simulations in a model NiCoCr alloy having a negative SFE show that solute strengthening can limit partial separation at T=0 K but, the solute-induced barriers are easily overcome at RT and time scales of only 1 ns. Under experimental conditions (time scales of hundreds of seconds and longer), solute pinning is therefore insufficient to limit dissociation. Finite partial separations are thus presumably due to a positive stacking fault free energy at RT or short- range-order effects. It is argued here that the former is more likely than the latter.

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