Impact of nanodroplets on cone-textured surfaces

HY Liu and J Zhang and J Luo and DS Wen, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 107, 065101 (2023).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.107.065101

Molecular dynamics simulations have been performed to study the dynamics of nanodroplets impacting on a flat superhydrophobic surface and surfaces covered with nanocone structures. We present a panorama of nanodroplet behaviors for a wide range of impact velocities and different cone geometrics, and develop a model to predict whether a nanodroplet impacting onto cone-textured surfaces will touch the underlying substrate during impact. The advantages and disadvantages of applying nanocone structures to the solid surface are revealed by the investigations into restitution coefficient and contact time. The effects of nanocone structures on droplet bouncing dynamics are probed using momentum analysis rather than conventional energy analysis. We further demonstrate that a single Weber number is inadequate for unifying the dynamics of macroscale and nanoscale droplets on cone- textured surfaces, and propose a combined dimensionless number to address it. The extensive findings of this study carry noteworthy implications for engineering applications, such as nanoprinting and nanomedicine on functional patterned surfaces, providing fundamental support for these technologies.

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