An interpretable deep learning approach for designing nanoporous silicon nitride membranes with tunable mechanical properties

AK Shargh and N Abdolrahim, NPJ COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS, 9, 82 (2023).

DOI: 10.1038/s41524-023-01037-0

The high permeability and strong selectivity of nanoporous silicon nitride (NPN) membranes make them attractive in a broad range of applications. Despite their growing use, the strength of NPN membranes needs to be improved for further extending their biomedical applications. In this work, we implement a deep learning framework to design NPN membranes with improved or prescribed strength values. We examine the predictions of our framework using physics-based simulations. Our results confirm that the proposed framework is not only able to predict the strength of NPN membranes with a wide range of microstructures, but also can design NPN membranes with prescribed or improved strength. Our simulations further demonstrate that the microstructural heterogeneity that our framework suggests for the optimized design, lowers the stress concentration around the pores and leads to the strength improvement of NPN membranes as compared to conventional membranes with homogenous microstructures.

Return to Publications page