Unveiling the mechanisms of motion of synchro-Shockley dislocations in Laves phases

ZC Xie and D Chauraud and A Atila and E Bitzek and S Korte-Kerzel and J Guenole, PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, 7, 053605 (2023).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.7.053605

In Laves phases, synchroshear is the dominant basal slip mechanism. It is accomplished by the glide of synchro-Shockley dislocations. However, the atomic-scale mechanisms of motion of such zonal dislocations are still not well understood. In this paper, using atomistic simulations, two 30 degrees synchro-Shockley dislocations with different Burgers vectors and core structures and energies are identified. We demonstrate that nucleation and propagation of kink pairs is the energetically favorable mechanism for the motion of the synchro-Shockley dislocation (partial I). Vacancy hopping and interstitial shuffling are identified as two key mechanisms related to kink propagation, and we investigated how vacancies and antisite defects assist kink nucleation and propagation, which is crucial for kink mobility. Additionally, we identified a mechanism of nonsequential atomic shuffling for the motion of the synchro-Shockley dislocation (partial II). These findings provide insights into the dependency on temperature and chemical composition of plastic deformation induced by zonal dislocations in Laves phases and the many related topologically close-packed phases.

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