Crystal effects in the vibrational spectra of one-dimensional molecular spin crossover crystals using molecular dynamics simulations

J Herz and R Meyer and JA Wolny and V Sch√ľnemann and HM Urbassek, APPLIED PHYSICS A-MATERIALS SCIENCE & PROCESSING, 129, 345 (2023).

DOI: 10.1007/s00339-023-06594-1

We use molecular dynamics simulations to model the iron phonon density of states (pDOS) of a spin crossover (SCO) crystal built from 39-nuclear Fe(atrz)3Cl2 chains (atrz = 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole). This is possible by using an atomistic potential that depends on the spin state of the Fe atoms. While quantum-chemical methods are able to provide data on isolated SCO molecules, the computational costs necessitate the use of classical simulations to calculate crystal effects on the spectra. Data are provided for a high-spin (HS) crystal, in which all Fe atoms are in their HS state, and a low-spin (LS) crystal. HS and LS crystals show distinctively different spectra that are in agreement with experimental data. Compared to the single-molecule spectra, the crystal spectra show several distinctive features: (i) The spectra are smoother, and the main peaks are slightly reduced in amplitude. (ii) The effect of intermolecular interactions shows up in additional structure at long- wavelengths. Good agreement between experimental and simulated phonon spectra is observed. The lattice-dynamics analysis of the low-energy pDOS allows to extract the temperature dependence of the vibrational entropy of the LS and HS crystals. Our study thus provides novel information about the crystal effects in SCO crystals.

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