Computing chemical potentials of adsorbed or confined fluids

R Schmid and BQ Cheng, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 158, 161101 (2023).

DOI: 10.1063/5.0146711

The chemical potential of adsorbed or confined fluids provides insight into their unique thermodynamic properties and determines adsorption isotherms. However, it is often difficult to compute this quantity from atomistic simulations using existing statistical mechanical methods. We introduce a computational framework that utilizes static structure factors, thermodynamic integration, and free energy perturbation for calculating the absolute chemical potential of fluids. For demonstration, we apply the method to compute the adsorption isotherms of carbon dioxide in a metal-organic framework and water in carbon nanotubes.

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