Surface water in C-S-H: Effect of the temperature on (de)sorption

T Honorio and F Masara and S Poyet and F Benboudjema, CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH, 169, 107179 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2023.107179

Thermal desorption is a critical process in cement-based materials subjected to temperature increase. C-S-H surface is the most likely surface available for thermal desorption in these materials. Here, we investigate surface thermal desorption in C-S-H. Molecular simulations are used to get systems equilibrated under two drained poromechanical conditions: liquid water-saturated and constant partial fluid pressure conditions. Suited fluctuation formulas are deployed to acquire properties at the adsorbed layer level. We show that thermal desorption is driven by thermal expansion of water and liquid-to-vapor phase transition (leading to cavitation). The potential energy, isochoric specific heat capacity, molar incremental enthalpy, bulk modulus, coefficient of thermal expansion, surface tension, and pressure tensor components exhibit a marked dependence on the distance from the C-S-H adsorbing surface. Parameters usually adopted in sorption models (e.g., BET family) such as monolayer thickness and adsorption energy need to be revisited using molecular scale evidence.

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