Superior strength-plasticity synergy in a heterogeneous lamellar Ti 2 AlC/TiAl composite with unique interfacial microstructure

P Liu and B Hou and AQ Wang and JP Xie and ZB Wang and F Ye, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 159, 21-32 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmst.2023.03.011

Improving the plasticity of TiAl alloys at room temperature has been a longstanding challenge for the development of next-generation aerospace engines. By adopting the nacre-like architecture design strategy, we have obtained a novel heterogeneous lamellar Ti 2 AlC/TiAl composite with superior strength-plasticity synergy, i.e., compressive strength of similar to 2065 MPa and fracture strain of similar to 27%. A combination of micropillar compression and large-scale atomistic simulation has revealed that the superior strength-plasticity synergy is attributed to the collaboration of Ti 2 AlC reinforcement, lamellar architecture and heterogeneous interface. More specifically, multiple deformation modes in Ti 2 AlC, i.e., basal-plane dislocations, atomic-scale ripples and kink bands, could be activated during the compression, thus promoting the plastic deformation capability of composite. Meanwhile, the lamellar architecture could not only induce significant stress redistribution and crack deflection between Ti 2 AlC and TiAl, but also generate high- density SFs and DTs interactions in TiAl, leading to an improved strength and strain hardening ability. In addition, profuse unique Ti 2 AlC(1 1 over bar 0 3 over bar )/TiAl(111) interfaces in the composite could dramatically contribute to the strength and plasticity due to the interface-mediated dislocation nucleation and obstruction mechanisms. These findings offer a promising paradigm for tailoring microstructure of TiAl matrix composites with extraordinary strength and plasticity at ambient temperature. (c) 2023 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of The editorial office of Journal of Materials Science & Technology.

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