A physically-based constitutive model for a novel heat resistant martensitic steel under different cyclic loading modes: Microstructural strengthening mechanisms

K Song and KM Wang and L Zhao and LY Xu and NS Ma and YD Han and KD Hao and LB Zhang and YL Gao, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLASTICITY, 165, 103611 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijplas.2023.103611

Cyclic responses of a novel heat resistant martensitic steel, 9Cr3Co3W1CuVNbB steel, under different loading modes were studied to reveal its complex strengthening mechanisms at high temperature. Based on the experimental observations, dislocation strengthening, precipitation strengthening by M23C6 phase, MX phase, and Cu-rich phase, and subgrain boundary strength-ening were the main mechanisms for its excellent fatigue and creep-fatigue properties. In particular, the dynamic process of interaction between phase and dislocation were studied with the help of molecular dynamics method, and the different contributions of hard and soft phases in the studied steel were determined in fatigue and creep-fatigue loading. Based on these phe- nomena, a physically-based constitutive model was proposed for both fatigue and creep-fatigue (dwell fatigue at elevated temperature) tests considering various micromechanical mechanisms. Three ways for dislocation annihilation were proposed to simulate the dislocation evolution under different loadings. In addition, the effect of Cu-rich phase was modeled by critical breaking angle and dislocation line tension. The capability of the proposed model under different loading modes was verified by comparing cyclic responses, hysteresis loops, stress relaxation, and dislocation density evolution. The proposed model provides an alternative perspective on un-derstanding fatigue and creep- fatigue behaviors of heat resistant martensitic steels owning the similar strengthening mechanisms.

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