Displacement cascades database from molecular dynamics simulations in tungsten

LX Liu and RY Qiu and YC Chen and MX Jiang and N Gao and BW Huang and F Gao and WY Hu and HQ Deng, JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, 580, 154415 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2023.154415

In this work, we have carried out a series of displacement cascade simulations in tungsten (W), including seven different primary-knock-on atom (PKA) directions, and PKA energy covers 1 to 300 keV at 363 K; 10, 50, 10 0, and 20 0 keV cascades are considered at 600 K, and 10 and 50 keV cascades are simulated at 300 K. Then, a systematic database of W cascade simulations has been established, containing more than 20 0 0 cascades. The number of Frenkel pairs, the type of defect, and its spatial distribution were all determined. The effects of PKA direction, PKA energy and temperature have been discussed in terms of defect generation, defect clustering, and dislocation loops. It is found that, the PKA direction may have an effect on the configuration of defects, such as the formation probability of ( 100 ) interstitial loops, C15 clusters and the sub-cascades, and also has an effect on the number of Frankel pairs when PKA energy larger than 50 keV. Furthermore, from 363 K to 600 K, the number of Frankel pairs is reduced by-10%, and high temperature can promote the clustering of interstitial. We further found that temperature may affect the distribution of dislocation loops, and the number of ( 100 ) interstitial dislocation loops is more at 363 K than at 600 K. These results can provide a database of key input parameters for the subse-quent larger-scale simulations, and give an important reference for the prediction of defect behaviour, mechanical and thermal properties of W-based materials under fusion neutron irradiation.(c) 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Return to Publications page