How surface roughness affects the interparticle interactions at a liquid interface

AN Kato and YJ Jiang and W Chen and R Seto and T Li, JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE, 641, 492-498 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2023.03.041

Hypothesis:: Colloidal particles can be trapped at a liquid interface, which reduces the energetically costly interfacial area. Once at an interface, colloids undergo various self-assemblies and structural transitions due to shape-dependent interparticle interactions. Particles with rough surfaces receive increasing attention and have been applied in material design, such as Pickering emulsions and shear-thickening materials. However, the roughness effects on the interactions at a liquid interface remain less understood. Experiments:: Experimentally, particles with four surface roughnesses were designed and compared via isotherm measurements upon a uniaxial compression. At each stage of the compression, micrographic observations were conducted via the Blodgett method. Numerically, the compression of monolayer was simulated by using Langevin dynamics. Rough colloids were modelled as particles with capillary attraction and tangential constraints.Findings:: Sufficiently rough systems exhibit a non-trivial intermediate state between a gas- like state and a close-packed jamming state. This state is understood as a gel state due to roughness-induced capillary attraction. Roughness- induced friction lowers the jamming point. Furthermore, the tangential contact force owing to surface asperities can cause a gradual off-plane collapse of the compressed monolayer.@2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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