How droplets pin on solid surfaces

JM Zhang and W Ding and U Hampel, JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE, 640, 940-948 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2023.03.031

Hypothesis: When a droplet starts sliding on a solid surface, the droplet-solid friction force develops in a manner comparable to the solid-solid friction force, showing a static regime and a kinetic regime. Today, the kinetic friction force that acts on a sliding droplet is well-characterized. But the mechanism under-lying the static friction force is still less understood. Here we hypothesize that we can further draw an analogy between the detailed droplet-solid and solid-solid friction law, i.e., the static friction force is con-tact area dependent.Methods: We deconstruct a complex surface defect into three primary surface defects (atomic structure, topographical defect, and chemical heterogeneity). Using large-scale Molecular Dynamics simulations, we study the mechanisms of droplet-solid static friction forces induced by primary surface defects. Findings: Three element-wise static friction forces related to primary surface defects are revealed and the corresponding mechanisms for the static friction force are disclosed. We find that the static friction force induced by chemical heterogeneity is contact line length dependent, while the static friction force induced by atomic structure and topographical defect is contact area dependent. Moreover, the latter causes energy dissipation and leads to a wiggle movement of the droplet during the static-kinetic friction transition.(c) 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Return to Publications page