Insights from an OKMC simulation of dose rate effects on the irradiated microstructure of RPV model alloys

JY Li and CH Zhang and I Martin-Bragado and YT Yang and TS Wang, NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, 55, 958-967 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/

This work studies the defect features in a dilute FeMnNi alloy by an Object Kinetic Monte Carlo (OKMC) model based on the "grey-alloy" method. The dose rate effect is studied at 573 K in a wide range of dose rates from 10-8 to 10-4 displacement per atom (dpa)/s and demonstrates that the density of defect clusters rises while the average size of defect clusters decreases with increasing dose rate. However, the dose- rate effect decreases with increasing irradiation dose. The model considered two realistic mechanisms for producing < 100 >-type self- interstitial atom (SIA) loops and gave reasonable production ratios compared with experimental results. Our simulation shows that the proportion of < 100 >-type SIA loops could change obviously with the dose rate, influencing hardening prediction for various dose rates irradiation. We also investigated ways to compensate for the dose rate effect. The simulation results verified that about a 100 K temperature shift at a high dose rate of 1 x 10-4 dpa/s could produce similar irradiation microstructures to a lower dose rate of 1 x 10-7 dpa/s irradiation, including matrix defects and deduced solute migration events. The work brings new insight into the OKMC modeling and the dose rate effect of the Fe-based alloys.(c) 2022 Korean Nuclear Society, Published by Elsevier Korea LLC. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( nd/4.0/).

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