Suppressing the Surface Amorphization of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3- δ Perovskite toward Oxygen Catalytic Reactions by Introducing the Compressive Stress

FY Liu and NX Wu and R Guo and H Miao and F Wang and C Yang and JL Yuan, INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 62, 4373-4384 (2023).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.3c00158

Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-delta (BSCF) perovskite has been recognized as a promising oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalyst due to its superior intrinsic catalytic activity. However, BSCF suffers from serious degradation during the OER process due to its surface amorphization caused by the segregation of A-site ions (Ba2+ and Sr2+). Herein, we construct a novel BSCF composite catalyst (BSCF-GDC-NR) by anchoring the gadolinium-doped ceria oxide (GDC) nanoparticles on the surface of a BSCF nanorod by a concentration-difference electrospinning method. Our BSCF-activity and stability toward both oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and OER compared with the pristine BSCF. The improvement of the stability can be related to that anchoring GDC on BSCF effectively suppresses the segregation and dissolution of A-site elements in BSCF during the preparation and catalytic processes. The suppression effects are ascribed to the introduction of compressive stress between BSCF and GDC, which greatly inhibits the diffusions of Ba and Sr ions. This work can give a guidance for developing the perovskite oxygen catalysts with high activity and stability.

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