A multiscale and multiphysics framework to simulate radiation damage in nano-crystalline materials

M Hendy and M Ponga, JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, 578, 154347 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2023.154347

This work presents a multiscale and multiphysics framework to investigate the radiation-induced damage in nano-crystalline materials. The framework combines two methodologies, including molecular dynam-ics simulations with electronic effects and long-term atomistic diffusion simulations in nano-crystalline materials. Using this framework, we investigated nano-crystalline materials' self-healing behavior under radiation events. We found that the number of defects generated in nano- crystals during the cascade simulations was less than in single crystals. This behavior was due to the fast absorption of interstitial atoms in the grain boundary network during the cascade simulations, while vacancies migrated to the boundaries in a much longer time scale than interstitial atoms. Thus, nano-crystalline materials showed a self- healing behavior where the number and size of the defects are drastically reduced with time. We found that the self-healing behavior of nano-crystalline materials is limited, and about 50% of vacancies survived. This effect resulted from clusters of vacancies' collective behavior, which are much more stable than individual vacancies.(c) 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Return to Publications page